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At a Glance
Latur District Information At a glance.
Latur
Population (2001 census): 2,080,285
Below poverty line: 0.854 Lac
Literacy rate (2001): 71.54. %
Infant mortality rate (IMR): 10
Getting there
Air: Latur is connected by air with Mumbai.
Railway: Latur is connected by railway. Direct trains available for Mumbai and Hyderabad.
Road: State highways and roads from the district headquarters at Latur link all 10 tehsils (subdistricts) and major towns.
Physical
Geographical location: Between 17°52' North to 18°50' North and 76°18' East to 79°12' East in the Deccan plateau
Area: 7157 sq km
Adjoining districts: East: Nanded; south-west: Osmanabad; north-west: Beed; north: Parbhani; south-east: Andhra Pradesh
Major urban centres: Ahmadpur, Ausa, Latur, Nilanga, Udgir
Major crops: Cereals, oilseeds, pulses, grapes
Major rivers: Manjra, Terna, Rena, Manar, Tawarja, Tiru, Gharni
Total no. of Sub Divisions: 3
Total no. of Tahsils: 10
Total no. of Villages: 945 (Census 2001)
Total no. of Gram Pachayat: 786
Total no. of Panchayat Samiti: 10
Demography (2001 census)
Population: 2,080,285
Density of population (persons/sq km): 291
Men: 1,075,257
Women: 1,005,028
Total rural population: 1,590,024
Total urban population: 490,261
% of Scheduled castes: 19.43 %
% of Scheduled tribes: 2.31 %
Sex-ratio (females/1000 males): 935
Literacy Total: 71.54 %
Literacy (Men): 82.90%
Literacy (women): 59.40%
Social development indicators
Below poverty line: 69.11%
Infant mortality rate (IMR): 10
Maternal mortality rate: 0.6
Birth rate: 19.4
Death rate: 3.4
Climate
Max temp in °C: 39.6°C
Min temp in °C: 13.9°C
Average rainfall in mm: 802.4 mm
Economy
Industries: Oil mills, nutcrackers, locks, stoves, brassware, milk powder, ginning and pressing
Industrial centres: Latur, Udgir, Halli, Handarguli, Devni, Murud, Ahmadpur
Main markets: Latur, Udgir, Ahmadpur
Main banking centres: Latur, Udgir, Ahmadpur, Nilanga, Ausa
Disaster vulnerability
Flood: No
Earthquake: Indicated in zone IV: very high probability; massive earthquake in 1993
Cyclone: Yes
Drought: Drought-prone
Relief machinery: Cranes: 2
Medical facilities
Hospitals: There are 12 government hospitals, 46 PHCs, 19 dispensaries and 234 primary health support groups.
Health facilities: Government-run primary health centres, sub-centres or dispensaries provide basic healthcare to nearly 30% of the villages and 50% of the rural population. The Civil Surgeon and Civil (District) Hospital offering tertiary healthcare in a three-tier healthcare system are located at the district headquarters.
Blood banks: 2
Language
Language: The primary language is Marathi. Urdu, Telegu, Kannada, Hindi, Gujarati and Rajasthani are also spoken.
Food People prefer eating rotis, rice, dal (pulses) and sabji (vegetables).
Transportation and communication
Post and telegraph services: A mere 250 villages out of 914 inhabited villages (1991) had post and telegraph offices, serving 52.27% of the rural population.
State highways passing through the district and road services: Among the important state highways running through the district are the Nagpur--Bori--Adhampur, state highway; the Daund--Barshi--Osmanabad--Bantal--Ausa state highway; Miraj--Pandharpur--Barshi--Latur state highway and the Manjarsumba--Kij--Lokhandi--Savargaon state highway. Bus routes to the district headquarters connect 80 % of the villages.
Important railway stations and railway services: The important railway stations are Latur, Latur Road and Udgir. The district has 148 kms of railways of which 83 kms is broad gauge and 65 kms is narrow gauge.
Road Connectivity The 889 villages are connected by road among which 781 are by all sesion roads. The 845 Km state highway is running across the district. Total road length in the district is 8763 km.
Culture and Religion
Fairs and festivals:  
Religious places:  
History: Latur has an ancient history. It was home to the Rashtrakutas and was part of Ashoka's empire. It was, over the centuries, variously ruled by the Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Chalukyas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, the Delhi Sultans, the Bahamani rulers of South India, Adil Shahi, and the Mughals. Later in the 19th century it became part of the independent princely state of Hyderabad. Earlier known as Naldurg tehsil, in 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, and became part of Osmanabad district. After independence and the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, it became one of its districts. On August 15, 1982, Latur was separated from Osmanabad to form a separate Latur district.
The district may be divided into two regions -- the Balaghat plateau, and the northeastern region consisting of Ahmadpur and Udgir.
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